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Phrasal verbs

Phrasal verbs, são o que em português podemos chamar de ‘verbos frasais’ são verbos acompanhados por preposições ou advérbios e que, por conseguinte, alteram parcial ou integralmente o significado original do verbo. Esses frasal verbs podem, inclusive, ser considerados expressões idiomática, pode de início soarem como gírias; contudo, são utilizados na desde a linguagem cotidiana informal ou não, bem como, em diálogos formais.

Para exemplificar, podemos pensar no verbo chop (corta, picar, talhar), o qual adquire outros significados quando tem o acréscimo de preposição ou advérbio:

Chop down: derrubar, cortar

Chop up: cortar em pedaços

Os frasal verbs não podem ser traduzidos literalmente. O recomentado é se utilizar em diálogos dessas estruturas para aumentar a capacidade de assimilação, tão importantes que existem dicionário e compêndios de vocabulário especificamente de frasal verbs

USO GRAMATICAL DE PHRASAL VERBS

Na gramática da língua inglesa, há casos em que os phrasal verb admite a colocação do objeto entre o verbo e a partícula (pronome ou advérbio). Noutros casos, eles não são permitidos.

Destarte, eles são classificados de dois modos:

Separable: representam os verbos que acompanham complementos (objetos). Nesse caso, os verbos exigem a colocação do objeto entre o verbo e a preposição sempre que o objeto for um pronome.

Inseparable: nesse caso, os verbos são chamados de prepositional verbs (verbos preposicionados) e geralmente não aceitam complemento. Ou seja, eles não permitem a colocação do objeto entre o verbo e a preposição.

Nesta publicação nos concentramos em trazer uma vasta lista com significados:

Phrasal Verb Meaning
Back away move backwards, away from something frightening or dangerous
Back off (slang – rude) stop bothering or threatening someone
Back up move backwards; step backwards; drive backwards
Bear down push or press down hard
Bend down lean over and forward; lean down
Bend over lean forward from the waist
Breathe in take a breath in; take air into the lungs
Breathe out take a breath out; push air out of the lungs
Brighten up be cheerful; be happier
Buckle down start working, studying, or doing something else seriously
Buddy up find a partner
Bugger off (slang – rude) Go away!
Butt out (slang ­– rude) don’t interfere
Buzz off (slang – rude) Go away!
Calm down relax, don’t be angry, don’t be upset, don’t be worried
Carry on keep doing what you were doing
Cheer up be happier; don’t be sad
Chill out relax; don’t be upset or angry
Clean up clean yourself or your surroundings
Close down close a shop or business so it is not operating
Come back return to where you were
Come down move down off something high
come south
Come on (encouraging someone) do what I am telling you to do
(not believing someone) I don’t believe you
(rushing someone) move faster
Come in enter a closed space
Come out leave a closed space
Come over come to my house; come to where I am
Come up move to a higher place
Cool down Relax; don’t be upset or angry
Cover up put on more clothes
Double up form pairs because space or resources are limited
Dream on (slang) I don’t think what you have just said will happen
Drink up finish your drink
Eat up finish your food
Fess up (slang) confess / admit what you did; tell the truth about what you did
Finish up finish what you have been doing
Fuck off (slang – very, very rude) Go away!
Gather around make a group and come together in one place
Gear up get ready to do something
Get away move away; run away; escape
Get down come down from a high place
Get in go inside something, like a car or bus
Get off go out of something, like a bus or train
Get on climb on board something moving or about to start moving, like a train
Get out (slang ­– rude) Leave this place! (used when angry at someone)
Get up become awake; don’t sleep
Give up stop doing what you’re doing
give yourself to the police or authorities
Go around move to where you need to go by passing some obstacle instead of going straight
Go away leave the place where you are
Go back return to where you were
Go on continue what you were saying
Grow up behave in a mature way; don’t act like a child
Hang on wait
hold tight
Hang up end the phone call
Hold on waithold this tight or you might fall
Hurry up do whatever you are doing quickly, whether it’s physical or mental
Keep away stay away; do not go near
Keep out stay outside; do not enter
Lace up tie your shoelaces; put on your shoes
Lay off (slang – rude) stop doing something that bothers someone
Lie down put your body in a horizontal position; relax on a bed or sofa
Lighten up cheer up; don’t be so serious or worried
Line up make or form a line
Listen up listen carefully
Loosen up (slang) relax; don’t be so stressed
Move along keep moving; don’t stop in this spot
Move back move to a place in the back
Move forward move to a place in the front
Move on continue your life; go on with your life
Open up Open the door!
Perk up cheer up; don’t be sad
Press on keep doing what you need to do; don’t give up
Pull back move backward
Quiet down stop being noisy
Queue up Make or form a line
Saddle up Get ready to ride a horse by putting the saddle on the horse
Scoot over (slang) move to make space for someone else
Stand up stand
Shut up (slang – rude) be quiet; stop talking
Sit down sit be seated
Sit up sit straight in your chair, bed, etc.
Smarten up become more intelligent and aware of what’s happening around you
Speak up talk louder
Speed up move faster
Stand up stand
Stay away don’t go near
Straighten up stand straight; do not bend
Stretch out lie down comfortably
Sum up summarize
Take off leave fast
Tidy up clean the place; put things in the right places
Turn back go backwards
Turn over move your body so that the other side faces up
Wait up wait for me to catch up with you
Wake up don’t sleep anymore; become awake
Walk away leave a difficult situation
Walk out leave a situation because you do not approve of something
leave someone (leave a relationship)
Watch out be very careful
Work away continue working
Write back reply to a letter or email

Leia também: https://netlinguae.com.br/blog/2019/09/05/5-vantagens-de-fazer-a-imersao/

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